Radicalization to violent extremism is a complex process that must be addressed through comprehensive means.
Traditional recruitment and facilitation networks operated by established terrorist organizations persist in some environments, while Internet-based radicalization may occur in others.
FTFs may travel to destination countries directly or try to disguise their travel by first transiting through third countries.
The existence of a range of motivational factors creates challenges for detecting, intervening, and engaging with returnees.

Foreign Terrorist Fighters (FTF)-Related Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) and Returnee Programs Introduction

The threat posed by “Foreign Terrorist Fighters” (FTF)  – individuals who travel abroad to a State other than their States of residence or nationality to engage in, undertake, plan, prepare, carry out or otherwise support terrorist activity or to provide or receive training to do so (often labeled as “terrorist training”)1 – is a major issue for international and national security. Governments continue to grapple with how to address the complex set of challenges posed by this threat. Many countries are concerned that the rising number of people, especially youth, radicalized to violence and traveling to fight…

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Program Categories

Detecting and Intervening Against Violent Extremism

These programs are aimed to detect and intervene against violent extremism before…

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Detecting and Intervening Against Recruitment and Facilitation

These programs are aimed to detect and intervene in the recruitment and…

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Detecting and Intervening Against Travel and Fighting

These programs are aimed at detecting and intervening against travel and participation…

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Detecting and Intervening Upon Return

These programs are aimed at detecting and intervening upon the return of a FTF to their home …

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Toolkits and Useful Documents

There are number of toolkits and resources that may aid in the development of Foreign Terrorist Fighters (FTF)-Related Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) and Returnee Programs and are listed below:

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This catalogue was developed by Hedayah and the Global Counter-Terrorism Forum through the Foreign Terrorist Fighter Working Group.